Sunday, May 24, 2020
Even though it may seem like a small part of the work, in truth, the title of your thesis paper plays a key role in the first impression it makes on a reader. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why you have to take some time to come up with the best thesis title you can. Luckily, this doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t need to be a difficult task. Many people overthink the process. As a result, they fall into a number of common mistakes. To come up with a strong thesis title, keep these tips in mind. 1. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Use Unnecessary Words The title of your thesis should clearly express what topic youÃ¢â¬â¢re exploring. However, it should also be concise. After brainstorming through your ideas and choosing the best one, look at it carefully to make sure there arenÃ¢â¬â¢t any unnecessary words cluttering it up. If you find any, remove them until you come up with a version of your thesis title that makes sense, but doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have any unneeded words. 2. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Use Complex Nouns This is a mistake that students of all ages make. Whether theyÃ¢â¬â¢re working on a high school paper or finishing up a major thesis for a graduate program, they think theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll impress their readers if they use big, complex nouns. Luckily, the English language is full of synonyms. After you decide on a thesis title, take a look through a thesaurus to find out if there is a way you can further simplify your title with less complex words. 3. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Be Vague Again, your thesis title should clearly communicate what kind of argument or point youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be making in your work. Obviously, for a paper as long as a thesis, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no room in the title to fully develop the main ideas, but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not an excuse to come up with something so vague that a reader has no idea what the paper will be about. Take your time to decide on a title that makes your main point clear without being overlong. This process can be a little challenging, but it is worth the efforts. 4. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Be Boring A thesis title isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a headline for a celebrity gossip magazine. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to exaggerate your topic or try too hard to capture a readerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention. On the other hand, you also donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to go too far in the other direction, coming up with a thesis title thatÃ¢â¬â¢s simply too boring to entice a person to read more. The point is, your thesis is supposed to make an interesting, unique argument. Ideally, your thesis should be something that a person interested in. Thus, your title has to make the reader sure that the plot will be truly informative and useful. If you succeed in writing a strong, compelling thesis paper, then you should also focus on coming up with a title that reflects its content. Your title should convince a reader that your work is worth their time. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s no secret that a thesis paper can be an intimidating assignment. When youÃ¢â¬â¢re finished writing it, you may be tempted to just slap on a title thatÃ¢â¬â¢s simple and to-the-point. However, this is an important part of your work. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s worth your time to make it perfect.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
I. Masculinity in modern society is continuously changing all around us. The academic journal Ã¢â¬Å"Masculinity and the sociality of cooking in menÃ¢â¬â¢s everyday livesÃ¢â¬ , written by Nicklas Neuman, Lucas Gottzen, and Christina Fjellstrom highlights both gender roles and how masculinity affect society. The journal was published in Ã¢â¬Å"The Sociological ReviewÃ¢â¬ in November of 2017. From we what we know about the social in any common relationship, the woman cooks for the man and the man only cooks in leisure situations. The authors are suggesting that there must be a cultural transition and need for studies of gendered divisions of domestic work. The author doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t not state a clear social theory, but his study is centered around masculinity and genderedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The original interview approach was inspired by previous work on how men communicate their different sociolinguistic perspectives. (Coates, 2003; Edley and Wetherell, 1999; Cough an d Edwards, 1998). III. The study conducted is interested is analyzing how masculinity and sociality are perceived to men in their everyday domestic cooking experiences. In society it is common for the man to cook within partnerships. The sociologist who conducted the study proposed that maybe this culture in rapidly changing. They took their study to Sweden, due to the fact they realized out of every culture their Scandinavian culture has the largest growth between men and women when it comes to domestic cooking. They want to see how masculinity has been formed in the mind of men by hearing about their stories and experiences. Since masculinity is learned throughout life, rather than being an inherent culture among men. For their sample size, the sociologist selected thirty-one men. All these men were between the ages of twenty-two and eighty-eight. The sociologist coined the term purposeful sampling, where they believed the subjects they chose would provide the best answers; making sure that the stor ies went in-depth. To conduct the study, the sociologist interviewed all the men. Most of the interviews conducted,Show MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pages T. A. Judge, and J. D. Kammeyer-Mueller, Staffing Organizations, 7th ed. (Madison, WI: Mendota House/Irwin, 2011) Other Interests Although he cannot keep up (literally!) with Dr. RobbinÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishments on the track, Dr. Judge enjoys golf, cooking and baking, literature (heÃ¢â¬â¢s a particular fan of Thomas Hardy and is a member of the Thomas Hardy Society), and keeping up with his three children, who range in age from 23 to 9. Preface Welcome to the fifteenth edition of Organizational Behavior
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Jack the Ripper is one of the most well-known serial killers of the ages. Although everyone knows the name, Ã¢â¬Å"Jack the Ripper,Ã¢â¬ nobody really knows of his true identity. When the murder victims were found the press and the detectives could never put a name with the crime. Jack the Ripper is a mythic figure comparable with Frankenstein and Dracula. The Rippers first three murdered whores, in 1888, were believed to be by the same person. These murdered victims all seemed to occur around the Parish Church of Saint Mary, also called Ã¢â¬Å"the White Chapel.Ã¢â¬ (FidoÃ¢â¬ ¦1) Ã¢â¬Å"Jack the Ripper,Ã¢â¬ was the name given to an unidentified serial killer in the White Chapel district of London in 1888. The name came from a letter left at the crime scene, written byÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Newspaper coverage and widespread, enduring coverage of the Jack the Ripper case were strongly enforced. Even with all the coverage investigators could not connect anyone with the murders. In 1888, over a time period of 10 weeks, Jack the Ripper walked the streets of East End. This is where he encountered and murdered several prostitutes between the hours of midnight and dawn. The victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ bodies were thrown around like rag-dolls, laid out, cut throats, and their abdomens had been ripped open. This way of murder was sought to be very repetitive, giving the Ripper an almost instant notification sign. Nobody knows the exact number of women that were killed by Jack the Ripper. Though the investigators believe there were only five victims. Even with the investigators analysis, through the weeding process it is proven that there were only four victims of murder by Jack. (EvansÃ¢â¬ ¦ 21) It was decided that the local police of the White Chapel area were not capable of catching Jack the Ripper alone. For this reason they got the assistance of the Central Office at Scotland Yard, also known as the CID. The CID was a top investigation agency that would help th e patrol officers of the White Chapel district to solve the case. (EvansÃ¢â¬ ¦ 21) JackÃ¢â¬â¢s killing field, Ã¢â¬Å"the heart of the Eastland,Ã¢â¬ was mainly the White Chapel and Spital fields area, this was an area of only one square mile. White Chapel was mainly womenShow MoreRelatedEssay Jack the Ripper1209 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Jack the RipperÃ¢â¬ Jack the Ripper was a notorious serial killer, whom some believe never even existed at all. From August to November 1888, Jack the Ripper terrorized the East End of London by being responsible for the death and mutilation of at least seven female prostitutes. The destitute East End is also known as the White Chapel district of London, England. A few of the prostitutes were targeted as they were leaving brothels in and around the White Chapel district. Jack the Ripper seemedRead MoreJack the Ripper Essay2373 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesJack the Ripper Source Related In August 1888 a killer who became known as Jack the Ripper committed the first of a sequence of murders. To this day the description of the killer remains a mystery. A mad person who is violent and dangerous who emerge to kill without warning and with no guilt, horribly killed five women in the EastRead MoreThe Mystery Of Jack The Ripper2600 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesNobody could ever put a face to the so known, Ã¢â¬Å"Jack the RipperÃ¢â¬ . Beginning in 1891 and finally evolving in 1891, ten murders took place in the area of London known as the East End. They werenÃ¢â¬â¢t randomly chosen either they all were street prostitutes. As well as a case that they were trying to correlate the same murderer with, so it was included in the file. The Ã¢â¬Å"Pinchin Street torsoÃ¢â¬ , but it had no association with the other murders. In this case they had discovered a female torso which had beenRead MoreSerial Killers : Jack The Ripper1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescase that sticks out from the others and because of this many do remember. The case, almost as old as modern policing itself, is simply remembered by name coined for the killer, Jack the Ripper. What makes Jack the Ripper such a mystery is the fact that he was never caught. The five murders carried out by Jack the Ripper were located at Whitechapel. Whitechapel is a small town in London which was stricken with poverty. Families lived in very small single room houses. These houses were cramped withRead MoreJack the Ripper and H.H. Holmes1279 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswondered what happened to Jack the Ripper? Did he actually get away with it and die free, or was he arrested for different misdemeanors? It is possible that he had a connection to another well-known murderer, H.H. Holmes, but not just any connection. By looking at The Devil in the White City, we can see that there are things about murderer H.H. Holmes that are very similar to Jack the Ripper. This could mean that we finally have an answer to the mystery: who was Jack the Ripper? Let us begin with HolmesRead More Jack the Ripper Essay1777 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Jack the Ripper was one of the most famous and renowned killers in history. Even though he was not the first serial killer, he was the first killer to strike on a metropolis setting. Jack the Ripper was in his prime at a time when the media had a strong control over society and society as a whole was becoming much more literate. Jack started his killing campaign at a time of political controversy between the liberals and social reformers along with the Irish Home rule partisans. The reports ofRead MoreThe Legend Of Jack The Ripper1841 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesperiod and mothers of small families had to prostitutes themselves in order to provide meals for their families. Between August and November of 1888, a notorious murderer rose to the surface, slaughtering at least five women escorts. The legend of Jack the Ripper is one of the most famous, yet unsolved mysteries of English crime. I. Suspected Murder Victims August 31, 1888, was the first killing, Mary Ann Nichols was found dead on the side of a street at four oÃ¢â¬â¢clock in the morning. She had been deadRead More Jack the Ripper Essay1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Jack the Ripper terrorized the streets of London of unknown reasons. With his ability to disappear he was impossible to track, therefore making him one of the most interesting and clever criminals known to man. In 1888, five prostitutes were brutally murdered within a tiny area of the East End of London. The killings rapidly occurred over an 11- week period but they have both haunted and fascinated people for over a hundred years. (Jakubowski 16) There is no reason to believe that the victimsRead More Jack The Ripper Essay923 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Jack The Ripper In August 1888, the first of a series of murders was committed by a killer who became known as Jack the Ripper. To this day the identity of the killer remains a mystery. Five women were brutally killed in the East End of London, by a maniac who appeared to kill without warning and with no remorse. 1)What can you learn from Source A? Source A tells us that the two murders were aimed directly at the poorest people in East End at the time, and usuallyRead MoreInvestigation of Jack the Ripper Essays1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInvestigation of Jack the Ripper Jack the ripper was an unknown serial killer, he kept his true identity a secret from the world. Many people today see Jack the Ripper as a mystery which will never be solved. People have tried for many years to find out the mystery of Jack the Ripper but can not and will not succeed. The fact that no one knows the identity of him keeps the mystery of the unknown killer alive. It will stay a mystery forever, all we know is that he was
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the ERP Technology its Challenges. Answer: Introduction Technology has improved and has enhanced over the period of years. There have been many automated systems that the business organizations are using in the present scenario so that they may gain benefits out of the same. These business organizations are now looking for implementation of the software packages that provide them with an integrated platform for the execution of the business activities. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) packages are an example of such integrated software packages that being extensively used. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP): Meaning Definition ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning and it is a process that includes the integrated business mechanisms and activities. There are many significant business tasks that are covered and are executed by using and ERP package, such as, planning, decision making, inventory, sales, marketing, finance, human resources, procurement etc (Kilic, Zaim Delen, 2014). There are various vendors and service providers that have developed and launched their ERP packages in the market. Some of the popular vendors include SAP, Oracle and Microsoft. On the basis of the business needs and requirements, ERP packages can be classified in different types, such as, industry specific ERP systems, web based ERP, ERP packages for small businesses and likewise (Sodomka Klcova, 2016). Need Advantages of ERP Technology The growth and use of ERP in the business organizations is because of the requirements of these business units and the benefits that are offered by the ERP packages. The business firms and organizations that have been successful in the implementation of the ERP packages have managed to achieve a competitive edge over the others. The manual operations that were previously carried out by the resources in the organizations have now been replaced by their automated versions through ERP packages. This had led to the enhancement and improvement in the productivity levels of the employees (Ovidiu, 2010). Planning is an essential activity in the business organizations. ERP packages have provided the ability to carry out efficient planning and estimations. A strong integration and collaboration is required for the success of the business organizations. ERP packages have provided the organizations with the ability to have a string integrated environment. Management of the changes in the business organization is made easy with the aid of the ERP packages. These changes may comprise of the modifications in the business requirements or specifications along with the number of users or customers. There may also be changes in the technological concepts and aspects (Matende Ogao, 2013). The overall management of the information is made easy through ERP packages and software. The information operations and activities, such as, storage, retrieval and management can be made smoother through these packages (Kocakulah Willett, 2011) (Chauhan, Dwivedi Sherry, 2012). The additional and unnecessary infrastructural and operational costs are avoided through the successful implementation of the ERP packages. This leads to the enhancement of the overall budget and expenses of the organization. ERP systems work on the information sets that are associated with the business organizations along with the real-time data and information as well. This leads to the improvement of the customer-centric operations and activities. The reporting structure of the organizations is improved with the implementation of ERP packages which makes it possible for all the resources to have updated information at all times. The overall communication strategy and architecture also improves. ERP packages also assist the organizations in the adherence and compliance to several legal policies, regulatory frameworks and laws. This reduces the probability of the legal risks and issues (Hasibuan Dantes, 2012). These systems have an inherent quality of scalability which provides the organizations with various different capabilities, such as, flexibility and adaptability. The relationship and the engagement with the customers also improve with the implementation of the ERP packages. This is because of the reason that the business operations are streamlined and the customer preferences and choices are also taken into consideration for the execution of business tasks and activities (Sadrzadehrafiei, 2013). Challenges in ERP Technology There can be many challenges that may come up in association with the ERP technology. These challenges are as listed below. There are various factors that are associated with the selection of the suitable ERP package for an organization. Some of these factors include the size of the software, the automated systems already in use, the requirements and specifications of the organization, scope of the system and many more. The selection of the system, therefore, emerges as one of the major challenges (Babaei, Gholami Altafi, 2015). ERP systems and packages have experienced many changes and transformations in the recent years. In the past, these packages were mostly batch processed and integrated. However, these systems have now shifted towards the real-time based integration. The transition process from batch integration to real-time integration is a major challenge (Momoh, Roy Shehab, 2010). Initially, organizations tend to implement the basic ERP packages that have limited requirements and specifications involved. There are a few operations covered by these systems and once the organization expands, the needs of these organizations also rise. This often leads to the presence of multiple ERP packages to support and maintain which becomes troublesome at times (Singla, 2009). There are several technical issues that may come up in association with the ERP technology and packages: There are a number of existing servers and workstations that are installed in the organization. With the implementation and deployment of the ERP technology, there are many modifications that need to be done to these servers and workstations. The speed and bandwidth of the internet servers and the network connections shall also be considered and shall be enhanced as per the requirements of the ERP system. This may have an impact on the existing systems and operations being carried out in the organization (Nordin Adegoke, 2015). Compatibility and integration of the ERP package with the rest of the software and hardware installed in the organization can come up as a challenge. In the first attempt of the ERP implementation in the business organization, it would be necessary to migrate and move the existing and legacy data sets to the new platform. There may be issues in the data quality and consistency in the process of migration. Security may be one of the major challenges that may come up with the deployment and implementation of the ERP technology and package in the organization. Some of these security issues that may crop up are as listed below. There are a lot many ERP packages and software that may go unpatched. It becomes required to install updates and patches in the ERP packages and the failure to do so may lead to the enhancement of the complexity. Poor configuration of the ERP packages and systems may lead to the increased probability of the backdoor access for the attackers. This may lead to the enhancement of the security vulnerabilities as well (Zafeiropoulos, Metaxiotis Askounis, 2005). Outdates web interfaces used in the ERP technology may lead to the occurrence of the security attacks such as SQL injection and web based security risks and attacks. There are a lot many access points that are present in the ERP package which leads to the issues associated with the violation of the access control and authentication. This may lead to breaching and leakage of information. There may be availability attacks that may come up with the occurrence and execution of flooding attacks such as denial of service and distributed denial of service attacks. The availability of the services, information and operations may be impacted as a result of these attacks on security (Acharya, Jethava Patel, 2013). There can also be issues with the integrity of the information associated with the ERP packages. There are vast data sets that are involved in ERP packages that may be exposed to the risks such as alteration of the contents without adequate permission to do so. Malware attacks are also common in case of the automated systems and applications that may be witnessed in case of ERP packages as well. Resolution of the ERP Challenges The challenges that have been illustrated above can be further understood with the case studies associated with the implementation of the ERP packages in the organizations. There have been many success and failure stories in the past. The success stories have been described below to describe the challenges and the reasons of success or failure of the ERP packages and system. ERP Success Story Cadbury is an organization that is one of the worlds largest manufacturers of chocolates and is based out of Birmingham, United Kingdom. The ERP technology was successfully implemented in the organization with the adherence to the following points. The strongest point involved in the successful implementation of ERP in Cadbury was the correct planning and estimation activities that were involved. The choice of the vendor was done according to the requirements of the ERP package in the organization and the analysis involved was also extensive. Effective communication channel was developed with the ERP vendor with the development of a portal called vendor connect for this purpose (Singh, 2017). Implementation methodology that was used by the organization was also apt. Cross-functional implementation was done so that the series of phases were involved rather than implanting all the functionalities all at once. The management also made sure that the monitoring tasks were adequately carried out so that the team members were aware of all the deviations and errors. ERP Failure Story There was another organization called Hersheys that attempted the implementation of ERP but failed in its attempt to do so. There were many challenges that came up for the organization which gradually led to failure. The schedule that was estimated by the vendor and the team of analysts was 48 months. However, the organizational leadership forced the vendor and the project team to implement and complete the project in a period of 30 months only. The incorrect schedule design was a major challenge that led to the failure of the project. Because of the incorrect schedule design and estimation, there were many critical tasks and activities that were missed out during the implementation. One such activity was testing of the critical features that led to the presence of many bugs in the final delivery of the project (Gross, 2011). The implementation methodology that was selected by the management was also not correct. The selected methodology included Big Bang implementation of the ERP technology which led to the failure of the project. There are two scenarios that have been described above which include the success and the failure of the ERP technology in the organizations. The challenges associated with the ERP technology can be overcome by using and adhering to the points listed under the approach followed by Cadbury. Also, there shall be used and implementation of the security controls and mechanisms to avoid the security risks and attacks. There shall also be advanced use of monitoring and control processes by the management and leadership covering the adequate selection of the vendor, methodology, estimations etc. The processes must be validated and verified at every step so that the end result that is achieved is positive. Conclusion Enterprise Resource Planning a process that includes the integrated business mechanisms and activities. There are many significant business tasks that are covered and are executed by using and ERP package, such as, planning, decision making, inventory, sales, marketing, finance, human resources, procurement etc. ERP offers many benefits to the organizations in which it is implemented. Some of these benefits include streamlining of operations, enhanced productivity and accuracy, integration of the business operations, reduced legal risks and increased customer engagement and satisfaction levels. There can also be certain challenges that may be observed in association with the ERP technology. These challenges may include technical issues such as compatibility, integration and installation issues or data quality and consistency issues. There may also be a number of security issues that may be observed in association with the ERP packages. It shall be ensured that adequate planning and c ontrol is involved in the selection, development and deployment of the ERP technology in the organization. References Acharya, V., Jethava, S., Patel, A. (2013). Case Study of Database Security in Campus ERP System. International Journal Of Computer Applications, 79(15), 1-4. https://dx.doi.org/10.5120/13814-1546 Babaei, M., Gholami, Z., Altafi, S. (2015). Challenges of Enterprise Resource Planning implementation in Iran large organizations. Information Systems, 54, 15-27. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.is.2015.05.003 Chauhan, R., Dwivedi, R., Sherry, A. (2012). Critical success factors for offshoring of enterprise resource planning (ERP) implementations. Business Systems Research, 3(1). https://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10305-012-0001-5 Gross, J. (2011). A Case Study on Hershey's ERP Implementation Failure Driving successful enterprise software projects. Pemeco.com. Retrieved 5 October 2017, from https://www.pemeco.com/a-case-study-on-hersheys-erp-implementation-failure-the-importance-of-testing-and-scheduling/ Hasibuan, Z., Dantes, G. (2012). Priority of Key Success Factors (KSFS) on Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System Implementation Life Cycle. Journal Of Enterprise Resource Planning Studies, 1-15. https://dx.doi.org/10.5171/2011.122627 Kilic, H., Zaim, S., Delen, D. (2014). Development of a hybrid methodology for ERP system selection: The case of Turkish Airlines. Decision Support Systems, 66, 82-92. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dss.2014.06.011 Kocakulah, M., Willett, D. (2011). Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System Implementation: Promise and Problems. Review Of Business Information Systems (RBIS), 7(3), 35. https://dx.doi.org/10.19030/rbis.v7i3.4522 Matende, S., Ogao, P. (2013). Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System Implementation: A Case for User Participation. Procedia Technology, 9, 518-526. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.protcy.2013.12.058 Momoh, A., Roy, R., Shehab, E. (2010). Challenges in enterprise resource planning implementation: stateÃ ofÃ theÃ art. Business Process Management Journal, 16(4), 537-565. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/14637151011065919 Nordin, N., Adegoke, O. (2015). Learning from ERP Implementation: A Case Study of Issues and Challenges in Technology Management. Jurnal Teknologi, 74(1). https://dx.doi.org/10.11113/jt.v74.3369 Ovidiu, S. (2010). The Advantages and Risks of Using ERP System in the Context Globalization. Retrieved 5 October 2017, from https://modtech.ro/international-journal/vol2no22010/Ovidiu_Sava.pdf Sadrzadehrafiei, S. (2013). The Benefits of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) System Implementation in Dry Food Packaging Industry. Retrieved 5 October 2017, from https://ac.els-cdn.com/S2212017313003381/1-s2.0-S2212017313003381-main.pdf?_tid=77abbd6a-a846-11e7-b678-00000aab0f01acdnat=1507040806_f9052d1931fe40f04bef070a3b30da63 Singh, V. (2017). Enterprise Resource Planning Implementation Success and Failure Stories |. Sapyard.com. Retrieved 5 October 2017, from https://www.sapyard.com/enterprise-resource-planning-implementation-success-and-failure-stories/ Singla, A. (2009). Enterprise resource planning systems implementation: a literature analysis. International Journal Of Business And Systems Research, 3(2), 170. https://dx.doi.org/10.1504/ijbsr.2009.024860 Sodomka, P., Klcova, H. (2016). Classification of ERP System Services. Journal Of Systems Integration, 66-78. https://dx.doi.org/10.20470/jsi.v7i3.263 Zafeiropoulos, I., Metaxiotis, K., Askounis, D. (2005). Dynamic risk management system for the modeling, optimal adaptation and implementation of an ERP system. Information Management Computer Security, 13(3), 212-234. https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09685220510602031
Monday, April 6, 2020
Table of Contents Introduction Western colonization and Islam Religious differences Christian democracy vs. Islam authoritarianism The holy war Conclusion Works Cited Introduction There is a widespread thesis by Huntington that defines the conflict in the world today as the clash of civilizations. This conflict goes beyond social classes and economic groups (Huntington p.28). It is a cultural conflict between two civilizations that share different ideologies.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Cultural Conflict between Christian Western Countries and Islamic Countries of the East specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The 21st century has seen a surge of violent ethnic clashes, especially in the Islamic nations of the East. In the eyes of the democratic western world, the violence is directly attributed to the oppressive political systems of the East. The conflict has now shifted to a raging clash between the Christian West and the Islamic East, especially after the September 11 attack on the United States. The assumption of many is that the conflict between the West and the East is political. The Islamic East is fighting off the efforts of the West to convert them into democratic states. On the contrary, you would be surprised to learn that even among the western countries, there are many similar views on democracy similar to the ones that are held by the Islamic East. These countries disagree on the basis of politics. Therefore, there has to be something else that fuels the conflict between the East and West. From my analytical point of view, I agree with experts who trace the cause of this conflict to cultural differences between the two civilizations. Eastern Islamic countries are by far the most conservative people in the world today. On the contrary, the western world claims to share the most liberal ideologies. A cultural gap ensues that ultimatum leads to conflict. Western colon ization and Islam The western colonization of the East in the 18th and 19th centuries left a series of mixed reactions amongst the Islam colonies. The West brought with it ideologies such as modern education, democratic government, and Christian religion. This western experience became an eye opener for the Muslim community. There was a general consensus that the West had come to water down their Islam identity. Therefore, there was the need to redefine the role of the Islam faith in the modern community. While all Muslims denounced western culture, some supported the idea of developing Islam alternatives to western culture. Others supported total Islamization without traces of the western influence. To the West, islamization is the main bone of contention with the East, claiming there is no democracy in Islam. For the East, the issue is not about democracy or lack of it, but about the cultural differences between the two groups (Aslan 12). Religious differences Religion has a deepe r impact on culture than it may seem to be at first glance. This is the main source of conflict between Muslims and Christians. For example, Islam allows polygamy up to a fourth wife. For Muslims, it is an acceptable culture. For the Christians, polygamy is condemned. In fact, the Western people view the Muslim practice as oppression to women (Landscheidt and Wollny 1). The western social values give women more freedom.Advertising Looking for research paper on cultural studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For instance, they allow gender equality and sexual liberalization. They prove to be more tolerant when it comes to educating women, political representation, divorce, homosexuality and abortion. All these freedoms allowed to women by the West are an abomination in the conservative Islamic East. They are viewed as sacrilege to their religion. Therefore, it is important for the East to shun the western values. The Sharia l aw, which is adopted by Islam states as the rule of law, is based on the teachings of the Koran. For Muslims, all aspects of their lives as pertains to religion and social rules of behavior are provided in the holy book. As a monotheistic religion that believes in only one God, Allah, Islam believes that all rules and laws were set by God. Therefore, it is an accepted culture amongst Muslims that the laws, even those which govern their politics, are based on religion (Landscheidt and Wollny 3). Christianity deviates from this in various ways. The reformation of Christianity in the 16th century led to the formation of many breakaway factions of the church. The church and politics were separated, and the quest for freedom and democracy took root. Therefore, the rules of law that govern the western world are not based on religion in the least. Rather, they are based on a merger of the rights and freedoms of individuals. This is one of the aspects of the western world that Islam cannot agree with. Their law is not based on religion. Christian democracy vs. Islam authoritarianism In terms of politics, the clash between the West and the East seems to be endless. The Christian West runs on democracy. These are set of rules that ensure the freedom of individuals in the society. Each person has the freedom to determine what is right and wrong. Democracy is seen as the height of civilization and goes hand in hand with freedom. The Muslim interpretation of Islamic law reiterates that all human actions are determined by Allah (Landscheidt and Wollny 4).Therefore, whatever one does is done to His glory. The independence of Muslims is curtailed by this very reason and explains why most Islamist states have authoritarian-hierarchical types of leadership in government. The leader, seen as AllahÃ¢â¬â¢s instrument, is obeyed to the latter and normally has power the people. This is what the West interprets as oppression or dictatorship. Islamic societies support the kind of le adership where religion has a strong influence on society. This is different in the West, where religion is separated from leadership. Therefore, religious leadership does not play an active role in peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ lives. Whilst the Christian West upholds freedom, the Islamist East upholds justice and doing what their religion says is right. Muslims feel justified to fight off the influence of the West. In the economic front, the West is seen as a formidable force that infiltrates weaker economic markets, tapping their potential at low cost of cheap local labor while reaping huge profits.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Cultural Conflict between Christian Western Countries and Islamic Countries of the East specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A majority of Eastern Islamic countries are under-developed in terms of technology and reel from the effects of high unemployment rates (which they blame on the wester n type of education). This kind of exploitation by the West seems to fortify the belief of Islam states that they have to fight the unjust practices by the West, and the culmination of such fights are Ã¢â¬ËterroristÃ¢â¬â¢s attacks such as the September, 11 or the perpetual war on Iraq. The holy war These attacks by the Islam East are a result of the holy war, what they call Ã¢â¬ËjihadÃ¢â¬â¢. According to Muslims, the translation of jihad as the Ã¢â¬Ëholy warÃ¢â¬â¢ is misconstrued. It is not that Muslims attack other cultures in a bit of religious fanaticism as there is no outright depiction of such attacks in the Koran. Rather, the Koran demonstrates that there are two existences of the world; the peaceful part, Islam and the part at war (designated to non-believers). Accordingly, Muslims are expected, as part of their duty, to merge the two parts of the world. That is to mean, they should spread peace (Islam) to the rest of the warring world (non-believers). Therefore, there is a need to defend their country, as well as their religion even to the extent of war and other extremities. After all, by acting according to the Koran, one expects a great reward in Heaven. The Christian western world, with its ideologies of freedom, globalization, liberalism, advanced technology, and economic monopoly is seen by Islam as a perpetration of all that is Ã¢â¬ËevilÃ¢â¬â¢. Consequently, a Muslim feels that it is a calling to root out the evil so as to defend the loss of its religious societal values. Muslims believe that the ideal kind of world (and government) is of the kind that prophet Muhammad led in Medina (Aslan 69). This means that the society should have one leader, who bids people to do the will of Allah in fulfillment of their religious duties. Modernization, which is a concept introduced and epitomized by the western world, is a representation of the abolishment of any and all religious laws in relation to leadership. This is far removed from the Islamic concept of religion and leadership. Overly, Islamic states find their model of governance to be superior to the western model that is based on democracy, which goes against the requirements of Allah. To achieve the ideal state that relies on the religious rules that uphold the interdependence of state and religion, Muslims feel that the jihad is justified, and it is a means to enforce Islamic principles even if it means using violence. Extremists of Islamic fundamentals take this as a step further. They form a large network of supporters, acquire arms and weapons and fling themselves to the core of jihadist movements. This is what has culminated in terror groups, the kind that plotted the September 11 attacks. Terrorism has now become a widespread threat, especially to the western world. The western world mistakenly thinks that this is a political war. Therefore, it responds in that manner. The United States of America invaded Iraq in response to the September 11 attacks.Adv ertising Looking for research paper on cultural studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is what they termed as the war on terror. Consequently, other democracies of the western world joined forces to end the war on terror by subverting the political and economic state of the Islamic nation. In solidarity, other Islamic nations of the East continue to attack the West. Spain became a victim of this violence when on March 11; similar bomb explosions shook Madrid for supporting the United States by sending its troops to Iraq. Consequently, Spain withdrew its troops. The Islamic East saw this as a victory for its cause. In order to protect the state of Islam, violent threats such as terror attacks on the western world seem to give them the desired response for the western governments to withdraw their invasion of Islamic countries. Their reasoning is simple: the West should stop meddling in its Islamic culture by perpetrating their values of modernity, democracy, and freedom. Conclusion It is difficult to predict the end of the conflict between the largely Christian We stern countries and largely Islamic countries of the East. Political strife may be solved at tables, at conventions, but cultural strife is more delicate to handle. Islam, as a religion, is deeply rooted in the Muslim culture and has existed for over 1500 years; Christianity has existed for the past 2000 years. The Islam political system is embedded in its religion; in the Koran. Demanding a shift away from their Islamic ideologies would be tantamount to demanding Islamic reformation without their free will. These ideologies revolve around all aspects of society which include politics, social values and religion itself. Western effort to assert their ideologies on democracy, freedom, and other social values on these societies may be deemed as an affront to Islam (Funk and Abdul Aziz 15). The western Christian states emerge to be at the forefront of civilization, judging by their liberality. This freedom was not achieved overnight. It was a ferocious battle that started in the 16th c entury with reformist movements and stretched on for more than a century. Eventually, religion was separated from politics and society indulged in freedom. The Islamic reformation should not be a battle between Christianity and Islam. In that way, the conflict will never end. Rather, the reformation should be a religious conflict amongst the subsets of Islam; mainstream vs. liberal, traditionalists vs. modernists and so on, that they may find their own middle ground in their own religion. As for Muslims, their interpretation of the laws in the holy Koran should not be so radical as to infringe on the religious cultures of others. After all, the very Koran orders the believers of the Islam faith to dialogue with the non-believers in order to appeal to them. It does not say to bomb them into submission. A further call is made of religious tolerance towards other faiths such as Christians and Jews that have been in existence for as long as Islam was conceived (Landscheidt and Wollny 16 ). The Christian west, having achieved economic and technological advancement way ahead of the conservative Islam states, should strive to foster coherence with their globalization agenda. Barging into the Eastern markets with capitalist ideas will not augur well with the East that views such assault as injustice, therefore the need to retaliate. Rather, globalization can be used effectively to improve the education system of the East and to create employment opportunities to lift their standards in life, with both groups of civilizations viewing each other in mutual respect of their religion, culture and politics. Works Cited Aslan, Reza. No god but God, New York: Random House Publishing Group, 2005. print. Funk, Nathan, and Said Abdul. Ã¢â¬Å"Islam and the West:Narratives of conflict and conflict transformation.Ã¢â¬ International Journal of Peace Studies, 25.2 (2004): 1-28. Print. Landscheidt, Dennis, and S. Wollny. The conflict between the Western world andÃ Islam, Californi a: ICM, 2004. Print. This research paper on Cultural Conflict between Christian Western Countries and Islamic Countries of the East was written and submitted by user Titus May to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
stock market's history essays Once there was a time when shares in business corporations were rarely bought and sold because few companies were considered promising financial profits (Blume 21). That is hard to believe considering almost everybody has invested in some stock today. The stock market went through some distinct changes since its inception, and has evolved into a shaping force in the world today. There is one idea that sparked the fire which produced the stock market: capitalism. Everything the stock market is, and was, rooted in the basic idea of capitalism. Without that idea, stocks and bonds would never have come to be. Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market (Peterson). When a person buys a stock, which means they own a part of the company in which they invested. The average person can thereby invest in a public c ompany and receive a piece of that company's success, or failure. This process helps not only the smart investors, but the companies as well. The investors' money must go somewhere, and that place is the treasury of the company they endorsed (Simonson). The company then uses that money for its financial needs, providing the company an income in addition to simple sales profits. Then, the investors make or lose money based on how much that company makes. Basically, people invest in an idea, and make money based on how that idea performs in the real world (Blume 35-39). While the stock market is based upon capitalism, the community shunned this type of enterprise in 1792 because of financial panic (Blume 23). However, these practices were not shunned by all America in 1792. People wanted a way to trade stocks without the public stock auctions (which were banned because of lack of profits), so they tried something different than s...
Friday, February 21, 2020
The wife of President James Madison - Essay Example We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Unknown to her, she was invoking the Preamble when she honored the soldiers after each battle won since is it an action of common defense. IsnÃ¢â¬â¢t it an act of promoting general welfare when she mobilized the society who contributed their own funds to reestablish Washington, the seat of the government, when it was destroyed by the enemies? In effect she was demonstrating domestic tranquility when she tried to unite political parties by throwing parties bringing together two opposing political parties; introducing social etiquette and protocol included. In renovating the White House she wanted every Americans to take pride of it; because to her, the White Ho use is the representation of authority, and a common defense. When she installed dignity to womenÃ¢â¬â¢s position at a time when gender equality reigns, she is practically framing the constitutional rights of women of equality. Gender equality later on became part of the Constitutional Amendment. I believe Dolley Madison had every right to be called the Ã¢â¬Å"last foundersÃ¢â¬ because she put into practice the idealism prescribed in the Constitution long before it was penned into law. She created symbolic ties that brought the government.